Rural Environment Study is the study of environmental aspects carried out in a rural area. Here, the rural areas are defined mainly on aspects such as domination of primary sector and dependency of people on agriculture, etc. The factors of environment taken for the study are Air, Water, and Land which can completely define environment of a place. The scientific analysis of environmental parameters in the laboratory are supplemented with socio - environment survey of the village. Rural Environment Study is one of its kind because no other study has taken all of the components defining environment like water, air and land. Also, the area taken has characteristics of rural village. Hence, this is unique in India and may be in the world.
Under the Rural Environment Study villages of Kadi, Satlasna (Mehsana district), Dholka (Ahmedabad district), Harij (Patan district), Himmatnagar (Sabarkantha district), Sanand (Ahmedabad district) were selected randomly, wherein each talukas comprised of 9 villages.
As of date, the study has been completed in 60 villages. Currently the study is in progress in Gandhinagar District.
- To assess the quality of water, air and land in rural environment
- To assess whether the current condition of the rural environment is vigorous or not
- To identify interrelation between social rural activities and their connection with the environment
- To understand the socio-environmental interaction in the community with the help of primary data and socio-environment survey
- To develop ‘Rural Environment Index’ to assess and rate the quality of the changing village environment
The project will have the following benefits:
- Local people as they could know the quality the air, water and soil and the same is well related with the health of the residents,
- Help government to determine control options and formulate policy for betterment of villagers from the Environmental point of view.
- The vigor of the current status of the rural environment is assessed, and accordingly guidance is provided to plan strategies.
- Better solutions will be provided by creating environmental awareness.
- Overall impact of Water and Land Pollution on Rural Environment would be evaluated.
- Correlation between social rural problems and their connection with degradation of Environment would be determined with the help of Primary data and Socio-Economic survey.